The pandemic may redesign the city forever


Even with these views, the pandemic—or, really, the random reaction to it—has changed people’s perceptions of the city. “As a species, we are not good at imagining things that we have never seen before, and the vast majority of North Americans actually only view car-dominated single-family homes as the way we build things,” said Shoshanna Saxe, University of Toronto Engineer, research sustainable infrastructure. “That’s not the only choice. It doesn’t have to be. We made the choice. In the pandemic, people see different things.”

The question is whether things will always be like this.

For the first time in a long time, policy makers at all levels have supported these changes. In 2019, cities such as Portland, Oregon and Minneapolis, Minnesota started Get rid of exclusive single-family partitions Try to go Justice And the climate crisis. Under the leadership of the Biden administration, Transport Allowance The states still allow highway expansion, but also allow small-scale, neighborhood-improving changes.

New York City, Washington, D.C., New Orleans and San Francisco have all taken actions to make epidemiological parks permanent; Boston does not have“We don’t know whether these changes simply reflect the desire of local companies to continue to provide services or to change our relationship with the street,” Freemark said. “The reality is that we are somewhere in between.”

who real I don’t like it, and I never like it. It takes more than half an hour to get to any place. Until about 150 years ago, this meant that most people lived up to a mile or two away from where they work, eat, study, and meet, because that’s about the distance a person can walk on foot, or if you’re very Rich, on a horse. The result in practice is a high-density town—like the city center you see in Europe, or the old city in North America.This is the goal of leaders in places like Paris or Barcelona, ​​which are under construction Bicycle and transportation infrastructure Achieve climate goals and create a more enjoyable urban experience.

When electric trolleys and buses entered the city in the 19th century, the radius of the circle expanded to dozens of miles.The result is (such as This good account Say) Higher-density corridors connecting neighborhoods and neighborhoods, or, more likely, places with many houses and places with many jobs.

After World War II, the application of cars in this space-time calculus really messed up things. An unconstrained car can easily travel 30 or 40 miles in half an hour. However, once many cars try to do the same thing on the same route, the system will collapse—especially if one end of the route is mainly a house and the other end is mainly work, so everyone wants to drive to the same place at the same time.

In the U.S. instead of building more Houses in the old circle (or, God, even closer to where people go), people have built houses Even further. For most of the 19th and 20th centuries, transportation was built before houses. The tram line makes residential development practical—even valuable.The rails were torn when the car came in, but Exclusivity (usually racism) Partition Those policies that favor large-area single-family houses still exist. Housing costs have risen. And, you can see the geometry problem here.



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