“Stern prospects”: How network surveillance is booming globally

They also argued that many companies that market internationally, especially those facing NATO rivals, are “irresponsible proliferators” and should receive more attention from policy makers.

These companies include Israel’s Cellebrite, which develops phone hacking and forensics tools and sells products to countries such as the United States, Russia, and China throughout the world.The company has already faced a major backlash, for example, due to its China’s repression In Hong Kong, it was discovered that its technology was being “used” by a BangladeshiDeath Squad.

The report said: “When these companies start to sell their products to NATO member states and rivals, it should cause national security concerns for all customers.”

According to the report, this trade is becoming increasingly global, with 75% of companies selling network surveillance and intrusion products outside their home country. Winnona DeSombre, a researcher and lead author of the Atlantic Council’s Cyber ​​Governance Initiative, believes that such sales indicate potential problems with regulation.

“Most of these companies don’t seem to have the will to self-regulate,” she said.

By labeling such companies as “irresponsible proliferators,” DeSombre hopes to encourage lawmakers around the world to impose stricter regulations on some companies.

“When these companies begin to sell their products to NATO members and opponents, it should cause national security concerns for all customers.”

The government has recently adopted some form of control measures.this The EU passed stricter rules Last year, in terms of monitoring technology, the goal was to increase industry transparency.And within the last month, the United States promulgated Stricter New licensing rules for selling intrusion tools. The notorious Israeli spyware company NSO Group is one of several companies blacklisted in the United States because it is accused of providing spyware to foreign governments and subsequently being used to maliciously attack government officials, journalists, businessmen, activists, Scholars and embassy staff.The National Bureau of Statistics has consistently denied wrongdoing, and debate It strictly investigates abuses and closes offending customers.

Nevertheless, one of the authors of the report stated that it is important to understand the true scale of what is happening.

Johann Ole Willers, a researcher at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Cyber ​​Security Research Center, said: “The most basic conclusion of this paper is that we are dealing with an industry.” “This is one. Basic insights. Just targeting the NSO Group is not enough.”

UN warning

UN human rights experts recently proposed Alarm clock Regarding what they call “the mercenaries who are increasingly using cyberspace.”

“It is undeniable that cyber activities have the ability to cause violations in times of armed conflict and peace, and therefore involve various rights,” said Jelena Aparac, chair of the UN Working Group on the Issue. A statement. The organization calls on international legislators to more effectively regulate the industry to protect the “right to life, economic and social rights, freedom of speech, privacy and self-determination.”

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