(Partially (automated) driving. When driving autonomously, people drive more

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Researchers, industry leaders, And government officials have long been Self-driving car may Change the planet. If you can take other measures in a traffic jam, will it change the way you use your car? Are you willing to leave work further?Or, the advent of shared self-driving cars will prompt you to abandon your private vehicle in exchange for Shared UberTo make travel more efficient?

Self-driving cars have not yet appeared, most likely Years or decades, And most Americans still do not have access to the technology that is still under development. But Scott Hardman thinks he has found a way to peer into the future. He is a researcher at the Institute of Transportation at the University of California, Davis, focusing on how people respond to new fuels and travel technologies.If you want to know how humans might travel ten years from now, he thinks it is useful to study some of the automatic car functions available now, such as TeslaAutopilot.

Autopilot, and GM’s Super CruiseNissan’s ProPilot Assist, BMW’s Driving Assistant and Ford’s Co-pilot 360 are advanced driver assistance functions. These new systems will not motivate you, but they will help. Depending on the system, they may automatically stay in the lane and change lanes, apply brakes or turn to avoid obstacles on the road. Two important caveats: Most systems are designed to operate on relatively simple highways.The person behind the steering wheel is Means to pay attention, Ready to take control measures.

in a Papers published earlier this year, Hardman (Hardman) interviewed 35 people who own Autopilot Tesla (Tesla), he found that most people think that this feature makes driving less bad. Hardman said: “The driver’s feeling is that it reduces a large part of the driving work, making them feel more relaxed, less fatigued, and less stressed.” “It reduces the cognitive burden of driving.”

in New research released this month, Hardman and postdoctoral researcher Debapriya Chakraborty suggest that reducing driving difficulty will lead to a natural conclusion: improving driving efficiency. Researchers used survey data of 630 Tesla owners (with or without autopilot) and found that drivers with partial autopilot capabilities travel an average of 4,888 miles per year compared with similar owners without this feature. The analysis takes into account income and commuting, as well as the type of community in which the car owner lives.

Extrapolating the results to a wider group of people, this may be the way that some autonomous vehicles are already affecting people’s travel, life, consumption of resources and lifestyle. Affect the climate. For governments that must anticipate future infrastructure needs, understanding these changes is critical.Changes in the way of commuting to get off work may affect public transport Budget and road maintenance schedule. Traveling more miles means that the infrastructure will be more impacted.If electric cars are traveling, the government Still haven’t figured out how to charge for this. Although electric cars like Tesla rely on cleaner energy than those gas-consuming natural gas, the electricity still has to come from somewhere, and that place is not always renewable energy.Consist of one country The community is getting bigger and biggerPeople cannot use self-driving cars or similar self-driving cars hundreds of miles to go to work or entertain. This is not an effective or sustainable way.

This new research shows that partial automation also has benefits. Hardman and Chakraborty found that most of the thousands of miles driven by autopilot drivers each year occur during long weekend trips.Before autopilot, those pilots may choose to fly, which will produce More greenhouse gas emissions. In the end, they decided that the choice of sticking to the road might be a more climate-friendly option.

A Nissan spokesperson said the automaker has no data on the travel behavior of users of its ProPilot Assist technology. A spokesperson for General Motors declined to comment on the study. Tesla did not respond to a request for comment.

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