Know the 6 basic figures of the Glasgow Climate Convention


There is dust Settling in Glasgow, the diplomats have flown back to their respective worlds. The long-awaited United Nations Climate Conference COP26 in Scotland ended on Saturday, and all countries agreed to the Glasgow Climate Convention.

Despite a Dramatic last-minute push by India and China This dilutes the language of coal from “phasing out” unabated coal to “gradual reduction.” Nearly 200 countries have signed the agreement. But this was not the only result of the two-week meeting, which saw a series of new national and joint commitments, as well as an agreement on the rest of the Paris “rule book”, which stipulated the operation of the Paris Agreement in 2015 The way is in practice. Here are the six most important numbers to keep in mind.

2022

Britain’s Boris Johnson, host of the summit, proposed to “maintain 1.5 degrees Celsius vitality” A sign COP26, even if the departure is accurate With the current global temperature rising to 2.4 degrees Celsius, what does this mean?, Even 2.7 degrees Celsius, is quite elusive.

In the early days of COP26, countries began to discuss the idea of ​​returning to the negotiating table with better commitments in 2022—a consensus around this is one of the main outcomes of the negotiations. The final text stated that countries should “re-examine and strengthen the 2030 target” when necessary in order to be consistent with the temperature target of the Paris Agreement by the end of 2022.

Milagros De Camps, Deputy Environment Minister of the Dominican Republic and member of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), said: “Although this is far from a perfect text, we have moved forward in our efforts to maintain 1.5 vitality. An important step has been taken.” At the closing plenary meeting of COP26 on Saturday.

However, some countries have claimed that returning to the negotiating table next year does not apply to them, including major emitters, such as Australia with AmericaTherefore, we can expect that in the next 12 months, activists will vigorously push to achieve this goal in practice.

£2 million (US$2.7 million) for climate loss and damage

A notable breakthrough in COP26 was Scotland’s pledge to provide fragile countries with £2 million (US$2.7 million) for losses and damage caused by the climate crisis. No developed country has provided such funds before, so although the actual amount of cash provided is small, it is of great political significance.

Loss and damage refer to the harm caused by climate change that can no longer be easily adapted, such as the loss of island territory due to climate migration due to drought or the loss of island territory due to sea level rise. The Paris Agreement recognizes that this is a problem, but rich countries are extremely hesitant to provide it with any form of funding. Included in COP26.

So Scotland’s Chief Minister Nicola Sturgeon (Nicola Sturgeon) Last week’s comment “The rich and advanced industrialized countries that cause climate change…have the responsibility to strengthen, recognize and resolve it” is a surprising breakthrough. Considering the strong resistance of many developed countries, especially the United States, to the use of this language, it makes sense for her to use the terms “compensation” and “debt” in this situation.

US$40 billion

As early as 2009, developed countries pledged to provide developing countries with US$100 billion in climate financing each year by 2020 to help them switch to a greener economy and deal with the impact of climate change, that is, adaptation.

The Paris Agreement promises to provide a “balance” of climate finance for mitigation and adaptation, but In Approximately US$50 billion will be spent on mitigation in 2019, while only US$20 billion will be spent on adaptation. By 2020, the initial $100 billion pledge has already Must have been missedThis is the source of the huge tension in this year’s talks.





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