Disassemble three common cloud strategy assumptions

Cloud is everywhere: According to Gartner, Public cloud service expenditure is expected to reach 396 billion US dollars in 2021, and increase by 21.7% to 482 billion US dollars in 2022. By 2026, Gartner predicts that public cloud spending will exceed 45% of all corporate IT spending, which is less than 17% higher than before. 2021.

But how fully understand the potential benefits and possible limitations of the cloud when companies race to migrate? In the ever-evolving complex environment, the products currently offered by major cloud computing companies may not be able to achieve the important combination of flexibility and control that today’s organizations expect. At the same time, as companies embark on the path of digital transformation, the number of enterprise applications they use is growing in every department.

This means that companies may need to reconsider and reassess common cloud strategic assumptions, as well as reconsider some of their investment decisions. For example, companies may increasingly not want to be locked into using a company’s software, and are increasingly likely to use open source software. More and more cloud software services with open source expertise are providing competitive alternatives to the proprietary product portfolio of public cloud infrastructure companies.

Therefore, the form of cloud services and the issues that organizations need to consider are changing. Here, we discussed common assumptions surrounding cloud strategies and what organizations should consider to fully reap the benefits of cloud.

Hypothesis: Migrating to the cloud will reduce costs and increase security

The two biggest arguments for moving to the cloud are to reduce overall IT spending and the opportunity to take advantage of better security controls. However, despite the potential for cost savings, in many cases, organizations will pay extra for convenience, and costs may increase. For example, if you manage out-of-the-box cloud services like traditional IT infrastructure, they are usually more expensive than self-hosted on-premises infrastructure. In the cloud, companies pay for the flexibility of rapid configuration, de-configuration, and expansion, and have the opportunity to use this flexibility to reduce costs.

This led to Yun’s repatriation: In 2019, IDC predicts up to 50% of public cloud workloads Will be repatriated to local infrastructure or private cloud in order to take advantage of the best option for specific workloads.

In terms of security, the cloud may have more complex controls that are easier to implement than on-premises infrastructure. However, the decentralized nature of the public cloud may lead to a more complex security posture-an organization may not be able to adequately control this posture.A sort of Recent IDC survey It was found that almost every company has experienced some type of cloud data breach. This means that companies need to consider and evaluate the goals of their IT security environment in each area of ​​the cloud stack.

Hypothesis: stick to a cloud provider that is best for the enterprise

Although it may be convenient, many enterprise-level organizations find that the standard box model of a major cloud provider cannot meet their flexibility needs. Experienced IT organizations can find opportunities to optimize costs and time to market by flexibly moving workloads between cloud providers and between the cloud and on-premises.

It is important to understand that “cloud providers” are not limited to the three major cloud infrastructure providers-as time goes by, more and more ISVs are becoming cloud providers. For example, advanced database users may rely on high performance, complex behaviors, and advanced configurations that are not available in the cloud provider’s managed products. In addition, if advanced database users use open source databases (such as PostgreSQL), they may want their stack area to be served by a provider with a database company as the core, rather than handling hundreds of other applications and services. Today, due to the trend of cloud service spin-offs, organizations can regain more control over their database deployment in the cloud.

Finally, although hybrid architectures can reduce costs and increase flexibility, the data-centric nature of today’s enterprises presents additional challenges. Moving data and databases is difficult and time-consuming, and withdrawal and withdrawal from proprietary cloud data services can be particularly challenging. Independent cloud providers can save costs by splitting cloud provider services, which provides freedom and flexibility through cloud-independent methods.

Hypothesis: Cloud is a mature landscape that will not change

Cloud is one of them The fastest growing areas of IT spending Cross-industry.But although research shows 92% of IT environments are already at least partially in the cloud, Enterprise cloud adoption is still in the early stages of a profound transformation for all enterprises. Cloud technology is far from a mature static landscape, but is constantly evolving.

In the past decade, a major technological change in cloud computing has been the continuous and substantial reduction in computing and infrastructure costs. It has also become easier to make development tools and use programming languages, which allows development tools to be expanded from the sole authority of IT experts and extended to other parts of the organization.

Finally, as organizations prioritize taking back control of the convenience of a single public cloud, technical cloud expertise in different fields has spread among different service providers. These providers are becoming more and more creative in how to build cloud service products (such as database as a service) that separates from the public cloud infrastructure and changes the definition of managed services.

The evolution of the cloud: a balancing act

Although there is incredible growth and a lot of energy and discussions about the cloud, it is still in the early stages of cloud development. What has changed as organizations emerge from the early stages of cloud adoption is that the company wants to take back greater control, rather than continue to be constrained by a single cloud vendor. This has led to a multi-cloud approach that includes more dynamic deployments between traditional local and public clouds: According to Gartner’s 2020 Cloud End User Purchase Behavior Study, 76% of respondents said they use multiple cloud providers.

New independent software vendors are entering this emerging and evolving field, changing the form of managed services to reflect customer needs, and providing more expertise in specific cloud fields and open source platforms. Ultimately, as cloud services go through this spin-off process and move away from a single architecture, cloud strategic efforts will become a balancing act between control and convenience. Companies need to strategically consider which services are provided by major cloud providers and which services independent cloud providers can provide with the required expertise.

This article was produced by Insights, the custom content department of MIT Technology Review. It was not written by the editors of MIT Technology Review.

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