Crime prediction plunges society into the past

one of the The most notable example of the use of predictive technology is the story of Robert McDaniel, detailed by reporter Matt Stroud On the verge of May 2021McDaniel is a resident of Austin in the Chicago neighborhood, where 72 homicides occurred, almost 10% of the city, Only in 2020. Although McDaniel has no record of violence (he was arrested for selling marijuana and throwing dice), a predictive policing program of the Chicago Police Department identified him as an “interested person” in 2013—literally.inside 2011-16 CBS crime drama of the same name, The “machine” created by the protagonist of the show can only determine that a person will be the victim or perpetrator of a violent crime, but it cannot be sure which one will be. Similarly, the algorithm used by CPD shows that McDaniel is more likely to participate in the shooting than 99.9% of Chicago’s population, although the side of the weapon he used is unknown.

Armed with this “knowledge”, the Chicago police included McDaniel on their strategic target list, which was later called the “hot list”, and followed him closely, although he was not suspected of being involved in any particular crime. Because some surveillance is public, it hints to others in his vicinity that he may have some connection with the police-he may be an informant with a very destructive reputation.

It is foreseeable that since CPD first discovered McDaniel, he has been shot twice: the first time was in 2017, partly because his appearance in a German documentary that year attracted public attention. Before the crime, He hopes to help him clear his reputation; most recently in 2020. He told the Verge that the two shooting incidents were caused by the CPD surveillance itself, and therefore suspected that he was cooperating with law enforcement. “In McDaniel’s view,” Stroud wrote, “The Hot List caused the harm its creators hoped to avoid: it predicts shootings that would not happen if the shootings were not predicted.”

This is true, but there is a deeper pattern to observe. Due to past police data, McDaniel’s community and the people in it have been labeled as violent. Then the show said that the future is the same-that is, there is no future, but just a repetition of the past, more or less the same as the past. This is not just a self-fulfilling prophecy, although it is indeed this: it is a system designed to bring the past into the future, thereby preventing the world from changing.

That show It was determined that McDaniel appeared to be developed specifically for CPD by an engineer from the Illinois Institute of Technology, according to Stroud’s earlier reportThe CPD program identified approximately 400 people most likely to be involved in violent crimes and placed them in their Hot listThe plan was launched in 2012 and ended in 2019, as disclosed in a report that year. Chicago City Government Regulatory Agency Report This has aroused its concern, including the accuracy of its survey results and its policy of sharing data with other institutions. According to reports, the customized CPD algorithm is focused on individuals, and it may be similar to various procedures used by law enforcement agencies and the military, while the public knows little about it. For example, in 2018, journalist Ali Winston reported in Verge that Palantir, a surveillance company founded by Peter Thiel Secretly testing similar technology in New Orleans since 2012 Many city officials were not notified.

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