2022 will be an important year for space exploration

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NASA, Europe The space agency and other agencies were forced to reschedule many of their missions, while Coronavirus disease Cause technical delays. In 2022, space research is eager to get back on track. Mars probes will go to this red planet, satellites will be sent to study Jupiter and its satellites, and telescopes will be launched into space to find evidence of dark matter and dark energy. At the same time, returning to Earth, four human volunteers will live on simulated Mars for 12 months.

Illustration: Icon

Mars Dune Alpha

A 3D printed habitat that simulates life on Mars will sprout from the Texas desert in 2022. Developed by architect Bjarke Ingels Group and advanced construction technology expert ICON in cooperation with NASA, it aims to “prepare for human life” Mars. The four crew members will live and work in the 158-square-meter station, facing a series of challenges such as equipment failures and environmental problems. The collected data will inform NASA’s plans for real things.

Photo: ESA/TAS-I

ExoMars mission

The 2022 mission planned by ExoMars (postponed from 2020) will send the rover Rosalind Franklin assembled in the UK and the Russian Kazachok surface platform to the Red Planet. The European Space Agency (ESA) will use the proton rocket to launch the lander and rover in late September 2022. After a nine-month journey, it will reach Mars in June 2023. The ExoMars rover will probe the surface of Mars in search of evidence of past life, use a drill to collect underground samples and store them in the drawers of its analysis laboratory. Then, its “Pasteur” instrument suite will analyze the biological characteristics of the soil. ExoMars will be the first Mars mission to combine the ability to cross the surface with deep underground soil research.

Photo: ESA/SJM

juice

Shown here is the Jupiter Ice Satellite Probe (JUICE), which will be launched in 2022 as part of the ESA’s Cosmic Vision Program. Its mission is to study the three moons of Jupiter-Ganymede, Calisto and Europa-to better understand whether they are potential habitats for life. These three satellites are believed to have liquid water on them, but we will not know until JUICE enters Jupiter’s orbit in 2031. When it enters Europa’s orbit in 2032, it will be the first spacecraft to orbit a satellite outside the Earth.

Photo: ESA

Euclid

The Euclid Infrared Space Telescope will help scientists gain a deeper understanding of dark matter and dark energy by accurately measuring the shape of galaxies at different distances from the Earth. By doing so, it will help us understand why the expansion of the universe seems to be accelerating and what might be causing it.Launch from Guyana Space Center
In the second half of 2022, Euclid will enter orbit at the L2 Lagrange point 1.5 million kilometers from the earth.


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