Muscle pain: causes, treatment and prevention


Muscle soreness, also called myalgia, is one of the common health conditions. Almost everyone will face physical pain and discomfort at some point.

Because the muscle tissue is spread all over the body, you can feel this pain in any part of your body. You also need to know that there is no single cause for muscle pain and soreness. Although injuries or overuse are the most common, there are other causes that can cause extreme pain and discomfort.

That’s why in this article, we mentioned common causes that can cause extreme pain. You can also learn about the best treatment and prevention techniques to deal with this problem.

What is the cause of muscle pain?

Here is the most Common You need to know the cause of muscle soreness.


It can cause muscle pain as well as tremors and headaches. Stress reduces the body’s ability to fight disease. Most of the time, people who are stressed or unwell will feel more physical pain because their body finds it difficult to fight infection or inflammation.

Some symptoms of stress are:

• Headache

• High blood pressure

• Chest pain

• Shake

• Increased heart rate or palpitations

• Hyperventilation or feeling breathless

You need to learn to leave the things or situations that cause stress. In addition, try to practice relaxation techniques that can help you solve this problem.


If you do not consume sufficient essential nutrients, you may experience muscle pain and soreness.

Vitamin D ensures the normal functioning of muscles. In addition, vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. Lack of this vitamin can even lead to hypocalcemia. This is a disease in which blood calcium levels are extremely low and below average. This condition has adverse effects on human organs, bones and muscles.


Dehydration can cause muscle soreness. You need to drink at least 2 liters or half a gallon of water every day to help your body function properly. Not to mention, if you don’t get enough fluid, your body will soon begin to shut down. Due to dehydration, you may experience difficulties in some basic functions, such as digestion and breathing.

For these reasons, you need to know how much water you drink. Try to drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water a day. On harsh sunny days, you need to drink plenty of water, because these days you will sweat more than usual.

Sprains and strains

Sprains, strains, and other types of injuries can cause discomfort and muscle pain. If you are injured, you will notice stiffness and pain in specific parts of your body. In addition, pulling muscles can also cause soreness in different parts of the body.

It is important to note that not every strain or sprain requires treatment. You need to take over-the-counter pain relievers, rest or use hot compressions to reduce symptoms. However, if your injury does not improve over time, restricts normal activities, and causes significant pain, it is best to consult a doctor.

lack of sleep

Lack of sleep can cause serious harmful effects on the human body. It can affect the physical and mental health of human beings. Sleep helps your body relax and recover. But if you don’t get enough sleep, your body won’t have time to relax, leading to severe muscle aches.

In addition, lack of quality sleep can also slow down your muscles and make you feel dull. It can even affect your ability to think clearly and make it difficult for you to perform daily tasks.

High level of physical activity

Too much physical activity and exercise can cause muscle soreness and stiffness. The following conditions can make you prone to muscle pain and soreness during exercise.

• Perform new exercises

• No exercise habit

• Active exercise or longer

• Failure to stretch or warm up properly

Diseases, infections and genetic diseases

Few healthy Adapt It can also cause muscle pain. The following are some medical problems that can affect muscle function.

• Arthritis

• Anemia

• Chronic fatigue syndrome

• Lupus

• Fibromyalgia

• Flu

• Dermatomyositis

• Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

• Pneumonia

• Mononucleosis

How to relieve muscle soreness at home?

Few people know that muscle pain usually responds well to home remedies. Here are some preventive measures and measures you can take to reduce muscle pain and discomfort caused by overuse and injury.

• Rest the aches and painful parts of the body

• Ice the muscles to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain

• Use over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil)

Make sure to apply ice for at least 1 to 3 days after a sprain or strain. In addition, the muscles that cause pain are heated for more than three days.

Other steps you can take to relieve pain and soreness include:

• Moderate stretch muscle

• Avoid weight training until the pain disappears

• Stay away from high-intensity activities until the pain subsides

• Rest as much as possible

• Decompression Exercise And activities like meditation and yoga

Treatment of muscle soreness

There are several treatments that can help you relieve muscle pain and soreness, including hot compresses and anti-inflammatory drugs.

When your muscles become stiff and sore, massage, gentle exercise, and medication can also improve mobility. The following are treatments your doctor may recommend to you to treat muscle pain.

Anti-inflammatory liniments and gels

Anti-inflammatory drugs and gels, including ibuprofen, diclofenac, piroxicam, or salicylate, are great for treating inflammation. They can reduce pain and inflammation when your body has an inflammatory response due to injury.

However, these gels and abrasives can cause side effects such as skin irritation and rashes. You also need to know that these side effects are rare and not every patient will have them. In addition, people who are sensitive to aspirin and other types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs need to avoid these drugs.

Thermal friction

You can solve muscle Stiffness or soreness due to overuse of muscles heat Rub or redness products. These products can open the blood vessels in the affected area and produce a warm feeling.

But do not apply heat compresses on any damaged skin or near mucous membranes and eyes. Make sure to avoid using them with sealing or sealing dressings. After using these creams, lotions, ointments, rubs or gels, wash your hands thoroughly to remove their residue.


This is a method used by experts to insert fine needles into certain parts of the body. Acupuncture is the best treatment method because it helps reduce soreness by putting pressure on the nerves. Similarly, acupressure can also help relieve muscle pain. In these methods, pressure is applied to the affected muscles to reduce pain and inflammation.

How to prevent muscle pain?

Although you cannot prevent all types of muscle pain, you can still avoid certain habits and activities to prevent the problem from developing or getting worse. In addition, you can easily prevent cramps, strains, and chronic compartment syndrome.

• Wear padded shoes

• When running, choose a soft surface, such as a trail or grass, rather than a hard surface, such as concrete

• Be sure to warm up before exercising

• Stay hydrated and try to drink electrolyte drinks containing magnesium, calcium and potassium

When should I see the doctor for muscle soreness?

Most people don’t understand that muscle pain is not always harmless. Yes, in some cases, family therapy can indeed solve the root cause. But muscle soreness may also indicate a serious health problem.

You need to consult a healthcare provider if:

• After using home remedies and treatments, the pain will not subside within three days

• You will experience chronic muscle soreness for no apparent reason

• Pain when a rash occurs

• You noticed tick bites and muscle aches

• Myalgia with swelling or redness

• You will feel severe pain after changing the medicine

• Pain with high temperature

The following are the symptoms of a medical emergency. If you notice or experience any of these signs and muscle pain, you need to go to the hospital quickly.

• Difficulty breathing

• Difficulty swelling

• Stiff neck

• Muscle weakness

• Inability to move injured or affected body parts

• fever

• Vomiting

Bottom line

Muscle pain can be very uncomfortable, and in some cases, it can affect your mobility. It is best to avoid any activities and habits that may cause body soreness or pain. In addition, if your pain persists for more than three days and you do not notice any improvement, then it is time for you to see a doctor. Be sure to see a professional healthcare provider so you can prevent the problem from getting worse.


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