Rheumatoid arthritis (Go out) Is a chronic disease that mainly targets your joints. However, it can affect other body systems, including your eyes, lungs, skin, blood vessels, and even your heart. Generally, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks human tissues.
Unlike the wear and tear that occurs in osteoarthritis, RA affects your joint lining, causing painful swelling. As a result, swelling leads to joint deformities and bone erosion. Inflammation of the joints and their lining can also damage other parts of the body. Despite medical advances in treatment, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical disability.
more than 60% of patients with rheumatoid disease Unable to continue working 10 years after the onset of RA.And almost 54 million Americans Rheumatoid arthritis occurred. Therefore, it is one of the most common inflammatory diseases. It is beneficial to understand the life of rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis?
Since RA is a chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease, the symptoms are easy to detect, which is essential for starting treatment. If you have rheumatoid arthritis, you may experience the following joint-related symptoms:
- Joint stiffness
- Lack of functionality
- Severe deformity
These symptoms can affect all organs of the body. Therefore, the degree of pain may vary from acute to chronic. In severe cases, RA attacks can exacerbate any symptoms and interfere with daily work, such as preparing meals, dressing, and even taking a bath. Early detection helps to better cope with this situation.
What are the causes of rheumatoid arthritis?
In RA disease, the body’s immune system attacks the healthy cells of the joint itself. Although the exact cause is still uncertain, the following factors can increase your risk of RA.
- Genetics/Genetic Disease
The presence of specific genes in the body makes you susceptible to rheumatoid arthritis. It is a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) (class II genotype), which makes RA worse.
The elderly have a higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis.Although people of any age can have RA, Commonly seen in adults over 60.
Smoking and smoking worsen the condition of RA, and may even increase the risk of RA in the first place.
Prevalence Women have higher RA than men, At least three times more common. In addition, RA is most likely to develop in women who have not had a live birth. Experts believe that more women suffer from autoimmune diseases because their immune systems are more reactive.
Overweight and long-term obesity can cause rheumatoid arthritis.
- Different environmental and lifestyle factors
Early smoking, inadequate medical care, etc. can also increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.
How does rheumatoid arthritis affect health?
Joint pain and swelling are not the only symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. In fact, it will affect other parts of your body. Here are some examples:
- skin-Tiny skin bumps (rheumatoid nodules) near the affected joints and body parts
- eye– RA may cause dryness, pain, extreme light sensitivity, redness, inflammation and puffiness near the eyes. It can also damage sight to a certain extent according to the severity of vision.
- blood-Reduce red blood cells
- blood vessel– RA can cause inflammation of blood vessels. This can cause nerve skin, nerve and organ damage.
- mouth-Infection, dryness, irritation and gum inflammation may occur.
- heart- Due to the inflammation of blood vessels caused by rheumatoid arthritis, the heart muscle is always at risk of damage.
- lung-Rheumatoid arthritis can scar and inflame, leading to lung disease, as well as shortness of breath.
What are the physical complications of rheumatoid arthritis?
The life-destructive and deteriorating social and physical consequences of rheumatoid arthritis include disability, pain, and premature heart disease. The following are some life complications that may be caused by the onset of rheumatoid arthritis.
Obese individuals with rheumatoid arthritis are at high risk for many medical conditions. These include the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes. More importantly, compared with healthy patients, the benefits of RA treatment for obese patients are not as effective.
The doctor initially recommended quitting smoking and recommended weight loss to minimize the risk of heart disease due to RA.
With joint swelling and pain, you may experience mobility problems. In addition, given the risk of accidents and other facilities they may need to provide, employers tend to avoid hiring people with RA. Therefore, it may cause mental stress and problems (anxiety, depression, etc.)
What happens to rheumatoid arthritis
After experiencing rheumatoid arthritis and consulting a doctor, you need to take some major life-changing measures to deal with the severity of the disease.
Regular exercise and exercise routines
Regular physical exercise and sports in daily life will improve health. In short, sitting for too long will not only increase the risk of other diseases of rheumatoid arthritis, but also worsen the function of human joints. Therefore, daily exercise helps maintain healthy body function.
Your doctor will recommend a diet plan for you.Nutrient-rich foods will be included in the diet to help you stay healthy Healthy weight. In addition, certain diet plans are provided on the Internet for people affected by RA.
Rheumatoid arthritis swells the joints and inflames the surrounding tissues. In some cases, this may cause extreme pain, and in other cases, you may not even notice any symptoms. However, in order to maintain a stable physical and mental state, it is recommended not to make the body overactive or heavy. In fact, rest and rest throughout the day can help relieve joint pain and stiffness.
RA may cause anxiety, stress and even depression in some people. This may be due to all painful periods, lack of employment due to medical conditions, and insufficient personal satisfaction due to deterioration of physical conditions.
However, many patients consider massage, acupuncture, deep breathing exercises and Stress therapy As an appropriate method for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, they try to overcome, adapt and improve their lifestyle according to their limitations and medical conditions.
You can take medical supplements to relieve joint pain and stiffness, especially in the morning. A natural diet (such as omega-3 fish and its oil) is very useful for minimizing arthritis pain. In addition, turmeric may be a natural supplement for RA pain. However, before purchasing any over-the-counter or natural supplements, make sure to consult your doctor beforehand. Therefore, you can avoid side effects.
Active circles and support
Stay with friends and family who are always supportive and positive. Sharing the emotional burden and getting support in difficult situations can create positive feelings. Although it may not be easy to suffer from chronic diseases, I hope to relieve pain and improve mood.
Other treatment options
Your doctor may have prescribed more than one medicine to treat RA. As the symptoms worsen, the medication will also change.
- Steroids (corticosteroids)
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
- DMARDs (anti-rheumatic drugs)
Physiotherapy requires professional therapists to guide and guide you in physical exercise. They focus on pain points and propose ways to best utilize the normal movement of joints and body parts. Subsequently, your body remains active and maintains flexibility, strength, durability and fitness.
Once drugs, therapies and other means cannot treat RA, surgery will be the next option. The following are some surgical procedures for RA.
- Tendon repair-Repair loose or broken tendons around joints caused by inflammation.
- Total joint replacement-Insert the prosthesis after removing the damaged joint
- Synovectomy-To eliminate the inflamed inner layer of joints.
- Joint fusion-Once joint replacement surgery is no longer feasible, perform arthrodesis. This is a surgical arthrodesis that maintains the alignment of the affected joints.
Although there is no exact treatment method yet, extensive research, research and experimentation are being carried out to find the best treatment method. Rheumatoid Arthritis. Therefore, if you experience any recurring symptoms, or if you think you or someone else might get RA, please seek professional medical services.