The Supreme Court agreed to the second “State Secrets” case, which claims that the FBI monitors whether the lawsuit against Muslims in the United States can continue.
The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to decide whether the lawsuit can continue. A group of Muslim residents in California claimed The goals of the FBI Because of their religious beliefs, they conduct surveillance.
This is the second case accepted by the court in the fall that involves the government’s claims of “national secrets”, that is, the government can prevent the publication of information that it claims would harm national security if disclosed.
This legal precedent originated in the US v Reynolds case in 1953. Supreme Court The widows of the three men killed in the plane crash sought an accident report to sue the U.S. government and maintain the privilege of state secrets. The government claimed that issuing these reports would endanger national security.
As usual, the court did not comment on Monday, except that it would accept the case, and it is expected to proceed after the court’s summer adjournment and the reopening of hearings and debates in October.
In another case involving state secrets, the judges have accepted that they will decide whether Palestinians Was later captured September 11th attack And was imprisoned in a prison on an American base Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, You can obtain information classified as state secrets by the government.
Usually, privileges are invoked in civil litigation. When the plaintiff is barred from accessing privileged information, these cases will be dropped, which is usually necessary for the case to continue.
Judges rarely review privileged information, even privately.
The case heard by the court on Monday involved three Muslim residents in Southern California. They said that from 2006 to 2007, the FBI paid a confidential informant to secretly collect information on Muslims in Orange County, California, based solely on Their religious beliefs.
After the federal government invoked the privilege of state secrets, the district court rejected the case. The court agreed to continue the trial of the case, which would “have a great risk of leakage of confidential information”. But the appeal court overturned this decision.
According to Bloomberg News, the San Francisco Court of Appeals ruled that state secret privileges do not exceed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
The law allows judges to review controversial information in closed hearings to determine whether surveillance is necessary.
The FBI has Long-standing criticism On its watch Muslim community In the U.S. Al Jazeera investigated the surveillance of anti-terrorist assassinations in Muslim communities in the 2014 “Informant” documentary.