US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman said on Wednesday that negotiations between Iran and world powers on how to revive the 2015 nuclear agreement will resume next weekend.
Sherman said that Biden administration officials had hoped to reach an agreement with Iran before the Iranian presidential election on June 18, which may complicate negotiations.
“I know that negotiations will restart next weekend,” Sherman said at a virtual event organized by the German Marshall Foundation.
“I think there are already A lot of progress Production, but based on my own experience, until the last detail is finalized, I mean it’s finalized, we won’t know if we have an agreement,” said Sherman, a member of the team that negotiated the original agreement with the Obama administration. Iran.
Talks to seek Reinvigorating a landmark agreement According to the agreement, Iran agreed to restrict its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions, and opened the way for the short-term thaw of the US-Iran confrontation for decades.
Four diplomats, two Iranian officials and two analysts told Reuters that before the talks, many obstacles to the restoration of the Iranian nuclear agreement still existed, indicating that there is still a long way to go to restore compliance with the 2015 agreement.
“Of course, this is complicated because the Iranian presidential election will be held in just a few days,” Sherman added.
President Hassan Rouhani is a pragmatist Facilitate the original transaction, It is widely expected that there will be a tough successor.
Among the six candidates led by conservatives and hardliners, the Chief Justice of Iran Ibrahim Raisi According to Al Jazeera, it is considered the front runner in the upcoming elections.
Former US President Donald Trump abandoned the agreement in 2018, claiming that it would make Tehran eventually a nuclear power.
Trump re-imposed US sanctions and began a “maximum pressure” campaign. In response, Iran violated the agreement’s restrictions and reinvested in its uranium enrichment capacity.
Biden tried to restore the nuclear restrictions of the agreement and, if possible, expand it to include issues such as Iran’s regional actions and missile programs.
Iran hopes to lift all sanctions and not expand the terms.
On June 8, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken stated before the U.S. Senate committee that the U.S. is unlikely to lift all sanctions on Iran.
If Iran were to return to the 2015 agreement that prevented it from developing nuclear weapons, U.S. will lift sanctions Brinken said that this has something to do with Iran’s nuclear program, but it has nothing to do with the plans imposed by the United States due to the alleged aggression.
“I expect that even if compliance is restored… Hundreds of sanctions will still exist, including sanctions imposed by the Trump administration,” Brinken said.
“If they do not violate the JCPOA, they will continue to exist unless and until Iran’s behavior changes,” Brinken said.
JCPOA is an acronym often used to refer to the official name of the 2015 Agreement, the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan.
Brinken said that Iran’s development trajectory after it withdrew from the agreement put it on the road to obtain enough fissile material for nuclear bombs within a few months.
In the Gulf region, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have given up on signing a nuclear agreement with Iran. They have been in contact with Tehran to contain tensions while lobbying for future talks to consider their security issues.
Abdul Aziz Sag of the Gulf Research Center said: “The Gulf countries have said,’Well, the United States can return to the (nuclear agreement). This is their decision. We cannot change it, but… We need everyone to consider regional security issues.” This week we have been actively participating in the unofficial Saudi-Iran dialogue.